The surname of PYNE was a locational name 'the dweller by the pine-trees' from residence nearby. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The name appears to be familiar to Cornwall. Cornish naming practices are unfortunately poorly documented for the Middle Ages, but present day Cornish surnames, somewhat surprisingly, do not follow the predominantly patronymic pattern of the other Celtic languages, including Welsh. This may be attributed to the greater influence of the English bureaucracy and English naming practices in Cornwall than in Wales at the time when surnames came into use. The majority of Cornish names are habitation names and others are derived from medieval given names. The name is also spelt PINNE, PYNN, PYNNE and PYNNES. Early records of the name mention Thomas de Pyn, 1273, County Devon. Radulphus del Pyn, 1300 ibid. Edward Pine of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Hercules Pine registered at Oxford University in the year of 1563. Tertullian Pyne and Mary Charles were married in London in the year 1585. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. A locational name usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The original bearer would take his name from the village, town or the area where he dwelt. This name would identify his whole family, and would follow them wherever they moved. Following the Crusades in Europe a need was felt for a family name. This was recognized by those of noble blood, who realised the prestige and practical advantage that it would add to their status. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at Ham, County Cornwall and East Downe, County Devon. Descended from Oliver Pyne Esq. of Ham, 1296 who married the heiress of Downe of East Down in County Devon.
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