The surname of PROUTY was derived from the Old English word 'prut' a nickname given to a proud and arrogant man. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. The name was brought into England during the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name is also spelt PROUTE, PROUT and PROUD. Early records of the name mention Orgar le Prude, documented in Cambridge in the year 1125. Richard Prude, 1185, County Somerset. William Prute, of County Durham, was documented in the year 1207. Thomas le Prute was recorded in County Gloucester in 1274. William le Proude, 1275, County Worcestershire. Robert Proute of County Somerset, was recorded in 1280. Cristina Prout of County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). John Bannister and Mary Proud were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1740. John Skinner and Elizabeth Prout were married in the same church in 1802. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The bulk of European surnames in countries such as England and France were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did.
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