This Scottish surname of PROT appears to be first recorded in Scotland in the year 1445 when Willam Prot was the burgess of Aberdeen. Janet Prot in Petty broke the command against adultery in 1683, and a William Prott was recorded at Portsoy in 1784. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. The name was in England at an early date and early records of the name mention Orgar le Prude, documented in Cambridge in the year 1125. Richard Prude, 1185, County Somerset. William Prute, of County Durham, was documented in the year 1207. Thomas le Prute was recorded in County Gloucester in 1274. William le Proude, 1275, County Worcestershire. Robert Proute of County Somerset, was recorded in 1280. Cristina Prout of County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). John Bannister and Mary Proud were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1740. John Skinner and Elizabeth Prout were married in the same church in 1802. The name is also spelt Proude, and Proud. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The bulk of European surnames in countries such as England and France were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did.
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