The surname of PRESKETT was local of Prescott, parishes in Counties Lancashire, Oxford and Gloucestershire. There is also a place Priestacott, in County Devon, from where the name may have been derived. The name was derived from the Old English word PRESCOTE. Early records of the name mention Gilbert de Prestecota, 1175, County Devon. Richard de Prestecot was documented in 1192 in County Lancashire. Heredes de Prestcote, County Oxford, 1273. Adam le Prescote, County Somerset, during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Alice, daughter of Thomas Prescott was baptised at St. James's. Clerkenwell, London in the year 1580. Robert Prestcott (yeoman) was listed in the Wills at Chester in 1596. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but the main of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name.
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