The earliest hereditary surnames in England are found shortly after the Norman Conquest of 1066 and are of Norman French origin rather than native English. On the arrival of the Normans they identified themselves by references to the estates from which they came in northern France. These names moved rapidly on with their bearers into Scotland and Ireland. Others of the Norman Invaders took names from the estates in England which they had newly acquired. The surname of PRANGE and its variants PRINGLE, PRANGE, HOPRINGLE, OPPRINGLE and PRANGLER were derived from the old surname Hoppringle, from the lands of that name near Stow in Roxburghshire. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The earliest notice of the name is in a charter to which Robert de Hoppryngil is witness to a gift to the hospital by Alexander III (1241-1285). Elys de Obrinkel, was the tenant of the bishop of St. Andrews in Edinburgh in 1296. Alanus Prynkayle of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Robert de Hoppringill witnessed a charter by Archibald, Earl of Douglas in 1413. Dand Pringle was recorded as the constable of Cressford in 1515. Isobell Oppringill was the spouse of William Heburne in 1562. Robert Pringle and Jane Balneavis were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1784. The name has been spelt Hoppginelle. 1555 Scotland, Hoppringle, 1567 and Pringel, 1470. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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