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Polland Coat of Arms / Polland Family Crest

Polland Coat of Arms / Polland Family Crest

This surname POLLAND was a Polish ethnic name for a Pole, or more specifically for a descendant of the POLANIE, one of the original Polish tribes. It was also a topographic name for someone who lived in a clearing, derived from the word POLANA (glade or field). The name has many variants which include Polanowski, Polinski, Polcynski, Polawski, Polyanski, Polanaov and the Jewish form of the name is Dolgopolski. The earliest Polish surnames were patronymic. The personal names from which they were derived were mainly Slavonic, but as the Middle Ages progressed, traditional Slavic given names, began to give way to saint's names, mainly of Latin origin. Surnames derived from Slavonic personal names are of early origin, and tend to be borne by aristocratic families. A notable member of the name is Roman POLANSKI, born in 1933, the Polish filmaker, born in Paris. An actor and in the theatre, he attended the State Film School in Todz, making a number of short films. A traumatic life that includes his internment in a German concentration camp, has been reflected in his artistic concern with alienation and the understanding of evil. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings. The bulk of European surnames in countries such as England and France were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did.


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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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