The surname of POCKSON was a baptismal name 'the son of Margaret'. Pog was an earlier form of Peg and the earliest of the name on record appears to be Margareta Pogge of Yorkshire, who was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Adam Pugson was recorded in the same document and Edward Pogson was documented in Lancashire in 1400. Before the 1066 Conquest names were rare in England, the few examples found were mainly adopted by those of the clergy or one who had taken holy orders. In 1086 the conquering Duke William of Normandy commanded the Domesday Book. He wanted to know what he had and who held it, and the Book describes Old English society under its new management in minute detail. It was then that surnames began to be taken for the purposes of tax-assessment. The nobles and the upper classes were first to realise the prestige of a second name, but it was not until the 15th century that most people had acquired a second name. Later instances of the name include Robert Poggeson and Agnes Camden who were married at St. Antholin, London in the year 1577 and John Pogson of Manchester (barber) was recorded in the Wills at Chester in 1620. Richard Scrooke and Elizabeth Pog were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1666, and John Pogson and Elizabeth Mary Milward were wed at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1754. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings. The bulk of European surnames in countries such as England and France were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did.
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