This surname of PLUMLEY was a locational name 'of Plumley', a township in the parish of Great Budworth, County Chester. Many other spots would be called Plumley, 'the meadow where the plum-trees grew'. The name was derived from the Old English word PLUMLEAH. Early records of the name mention PLUMLEIA (without surname) who was documented in 1119, County Chester. Henry Plomlegh of the County of Somerset in 1327. Edward Plumleye of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Later instances of the name mention Thomas Plumlye who was buried at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in 1552. George Plumley and Dorothy Avis were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1773. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at Dartmouth, County Devon. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasionally individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France.
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