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Pinkham Coat of Arms / Pinkham Family Crest

The name PINKHAM was originally a locational name 'of Pinkerton' from a place near Dunbar in the former county of East Lothian. The name was originally from the Old English PINKTUN, literally meaning the dweller at the enclosure or settlement where chaffinches are found. There is also a place called Pinkie, in the parish of Inveresk, Midlothian, the old name of which was PONTEKYN. The name is also spelt PYNKE, PONTKYN, PINK, PINKE, PINKERTON, PINCHAM and PINCHE. John de Pontkyn witnessed a gift of the church of Fife to the Hospital of Soltre, circa, 1200. Adam Pontkyn and Thomas de Pontkyn were members of the garrison of Edinburgh Castle in 1339-1340. Other records of the name mention Adam Pink who was documented in the year 1373, in County Norfolk. John Pynke of County Somerset, was documented recorded during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Baptised. Elizabeth Pinke at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1665. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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