This surname PIGROME was an English nickname for a person who had been on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, or to some seat of devotion in Europe such as Santiago de Compostella or Rome, or to one nearer home, for example the tombe of St. Thomas a Becket at Canterbury. Such pilgrimages were often imposed as penances, graver sins requiring more arduous journeys. The word 'pilgrim' is from the Middle English PILEGRIM or PELGRIM meaning a travellor abroad, and was originally derived from the Latin 'Per agros'. The name was occasionally used as a given name, and the surname in some cases may be derived from this use. Early records of the name mention Hugo Peregrinus, who was documented in 1189 in County Norfolk, and Hugo Pilegrim was recorded in 1200 in County Dorset. Eustace Pelrim appears in 1221 in County Cambridge, and Symon Pegrym was mentioned in 1327 in County Suffolk. Willelmus Pylgrem of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The names introduced into Britain by the Normans during the Invasion of 1066 were of three kinds. There were names of Norse origin which their ancestors had carried into Normandy; names of Germanic origin which the Frankish conquerors had brought across the Rhine and which had ousted the old Celtic and Latin names from France, and Biblical names and names of Latin and Greek saints. These names they retained even after the customs and language of the natives of Northern France had been adopted by them. After the Norman Conquest not only Normans, but Frenchmen and Bretons from other parts of France settled in England, and quite a few found their way north into Scotland. A later instance of the name mentions James Ridley who married Ann Green, with the consent of The Reverend John Pilgrim at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1762. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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