The surname of PIES was of the occupational group of surnames, an official name for an official in charge of weights and measures, especially one whose duty it was to weigh rent or tribute received. The name was derived from the Anglo-Norman 'peiser' or from the Latin PENSARIUS (to weigh). The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Simon le Peser, who was recorded in 1198 in County Kent and Edwin Piser appears in County Surrey in the year 1203. Occupational surnames originally denoted the actual occupation followed by the individual. At what period they became hereditary is a difficult problem. Many of the occupation names were descriptive and could be varied. In the Middle Ages, at least among the Christian population, people did not usually pursue specialized occupations exclusively to the extent that we do today, and they would, in fact, turn their hand to any form of work that needed to be done, particularly in a large house or mansion, or on farms and smallholdings. In early documents, surnames often refer to the actual holder of an office, whether the church or state. This is a common name in Derbyshire. The name has many variant spellings which include POYZER, PEISER, PEIZER, PISER, PYZER and POSER. Elyas Poyser of Yorkshire, was recorded in 1219, and Josceus le Pesure appears in Kent in 1224. William Poser of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. For the majority of the English speaking peoples, the main sources of names have been the traditions of the various Germanic tribes of Northern Europe, and the names introduced by the Church, perhaps Hebrew names of the Old Testament, or Greek and Roman names of the New Testament and saints. Many names were brought over to England by the invading Anglo-Saxons, a mixed collection of people from various Germanic tribes, speaking various dialects which were called Old English.
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