This surname of PICKUP was a locational name 'of Pickup' a Lancashire surname from a township and village in the parish of Walley, now styled Yate-cum-Pickup Bank. The name was originally derived from the Old English word PIC-COPP, literally meaning the dweller on a hill with a sharp peak. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention Edward Picup who was documented in County Lancashire in the year 1273, and Edward Pikopp appears in Yorkshire in the year 1379. Roger Piccop of Over Whiteley was listed in the Wills at Chester in 1584 and John Piccop of Eccleshill was listed in the same Wills in the year 1595. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registerd to William Pickup of Lancaster.
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