This name was of the baptismal group of names meant 'the son of Peter', from the French Pierre, diminutive of Parrot (little Peter) - a nickname 'the parrot', the chatterer. Parrott is the commonest form in the United States. The name was originally brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066, and PAROT (without surname) appears to be the first of the name on record in County Essex in 1086. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conqueror. It is known as the Domesday book. Other records of the name mention William le Perot of the County of Lancashire in 1277. Ralph Perot appears in County Essex in 1279 and William Poret was recorded in County Surrey in 1301. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. William Perratt of County York, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) and Thomas Perrett of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379 and Edward Parot of County Lancashire appears in the year 1400. John Parott was registered at Oxford University in 1520. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
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