The surname of PATCHIN was a baptismal name 'the son of Pask', one who was born at Easter, or had some other particular connection with that time of the year, such as owing a feudal obligation then. The name was derived from the Middle English word 'paske' but was recorded in early documents in the Latin form of PASCUUM. It was originally from the given name PASCAL from the Latin Paschalis, meaning 'the passover'. The name was introduced into England from France, and it was popular throughout Catholic Europe, mainly in honour of the festival of Christ's crucifixion and resurrection, but also in honour of a 9th century pope and saint who had borne the name. Surnames as we recognise them today are believed to have been introduced by the Normans after the Invasion of 1066. The first mention of such names appears in the Domesday Book and they were progressively adopted between the 11th and 15th centuries. It was the nobles and upper classes who first assumed a second name, setting them apart from the common people who continued to use only the single name given to them at birth. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that it became common practice to use a secondary name, originally a name reflecting the place of birth, a nickname, an occupational name or a baptismal name which had been passed on from a parent to the child, as an additional means of identification. The name has numerous spellings which include PASKE, PASQUE, PASQUI, PATCHETT and PAKES, to name but a few. Early records of the name include Johannes PACHON, who was recorded in County Oxford in the year 1273, and Thomas PACCHYNG was recorded in the year 1422. William Watson and Ann PATCHING, were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1783, and Payn PACHING and Sarah Whitehouse, were wed at the same church in the year 1809.
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