The surname of PARTYNGTON is a Lancashire habitation name and was from a place in Greater Manchester, so called from the Old English word PEARTINGTUN, literally meaning 'the dweller at the settlement enclosure or village'. PARTINTON (without surname) was documented in the year 1260 in the County of Cheshire, and appears to be the first of the name on record. Stephen de Pertlington was recorded in 1327 in County Sussex. Local names usually denoted where the original bearer of the name held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Later instances of the name mention Adam Partington who was dwelling at Barton-on-Irwell, and was recorded in the Subsidy Rolls of Salford in the year 1541. John Partington and Ellen Foster were married at Prestbury Church, County Chester in the year 1616. The bulk of European surnames in countries such as England and France were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did. A George Partington of Partington (yeoman) was listed in the Wills at Chester in 1646. Surnames before the Norman Conquest of 1066 were rare in England having been brought by the Normans when William the Conqueror invaded the shores. The practice spread to Scotland and Ireland by the 12th century, and in Wales they appeared as late as the 16th century. Most surnames can be traced to one of four sources, locational, from the occupation of the original bearer, nicknames or simply font names based on the first name of the parent being given as the second name to their child.
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