This ancient English surname of OUTRIDGE is of the locational group of surnames meaning 'the dweller at the outer bridge' from residence near the bridge at the edge of the town. The name is also spelt OUTBRIDGE, OUTTERIDGE, UTTERIDGE, UTTRIDGE and UTRIDGE. The earliest of the name on record appears to be John OUTRICH, who was recorded in County Essex in the year 1333, and William UTTEREDE was recorded in 1379. Surnames can be divided into four categories; place names, occupation names, nicknames and patronymics. PLACE NAMES are the largest group and covers all those names first applied to people who lived in or nearby to a particular place. For example, Grove, Wood, Field, Meadow, and Street are obvious. Occasionally names were taken from obscure villages or hamlets which no longer exist and this can make research confusing. OCCUPATION NAMES cover nearly all trades which existed in the Middle Ages. These are numerous. It does not necessarily follow that such names as King, Duke, Earl and so on mean your ancestors were of noble blood. It is much more likely that such named people worked for the person referred to. NICKNAMES. This is a smaller group but in many ways more interesting. They usually originated as a by-name for someone by describing their appearance, personal disposition or character but which became handed down through the ages and did not apply to their descendants. For instance the name Black would denote a dark man, Little, someone small (or even somewhat ambiguously) someone tall. PATRONYMICS. This group covers all names which derive immediately from the owner's father. Many christian names which are also surnames have, over the years, lost the possessive form but the origin is still the same. Examples of this could be names such as Peter,Thomas, Henry - all names which became both christian and surnames over the years. Later instances of the name include Nicholas OUTBRIDGE and Elizabeth Peccowe, who were married at St. Thomas the Apostle, London, in 1571. A Helen OUTERBRIDGE, servant to Mr Sanbroke of London, died of the plague in 1625, and was buried at St. Michael, Cornhill, London in 1625.
In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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