The surname of ORD was a locational name 'of Orde' a township in North Durham. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as 'de', 'atte', 'by' or 'in'. The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream. Following the Crusades in Europe a need was felt for a family name. This was recognized by those of noble blood, who realised the prestige and practical advantage it would add to their status. Early records of the name mention Richard de Orde, listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Peter de Orde, was documented in the year 1281, in North Durham, and Edward Orde was recorded in Lancashire in 1273. Thomas Orde of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Richard Orde of County Northumberland, registered at Oxford University in 1585. John Buckland married Dorothy Ord at St. George's Chapel, Mayfair, london in 1750.
The acquisition of surnames in Europe and England, during the last eight hundred years has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure, naming practices in cultures and traditions. On the whole the richer and more powerful classes tended to aquire surnames earlier than the working class or the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in more sparsely populated rural areas. The bulk of surnames in England were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in place names into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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