This surname OBERE was derived from the German word OBAR, a topographic name for someone who lived at the upper end of a village. In some cases the name may have denoted someone who lived on an upper floor of a building with two or more stories. The name has numerous variant spellings which include OBERTH, OBERST, OBERER, ZOBRIST, OBERMAN, OBERMANN, OVERMANN, AVERMANN and Van BOVEN. The name was also an occupational or status name taken by a rabbi. Because of the close relationship between the English and German languages, some Germans are able to transform their names to the English form just by dropping a single letter. Many Germans have re-spelt their names in America. A great number of immigrants from Germany settled in Pennsylvania. After the start of the first World War, Germans in great numbers Anglicized their names in an effort to remove all doubt as to their patriotism. Afterwards some changed back, and then during World War II the problem became acute once more, and the changing started all over again, although not with as much intensity. German or Teutonic heraldry extended its sphere of influence over central Europe and spread into Scandinavia. It is most notable for its design and treatment of crests, most of which reflect the arms in the charge or tinctures (colours) or both, which is unknown in British heraldry. Teutonic Europe assembled many arms on a single shield, each bearing its corresponding crest on a helmet. A notable member of the name was Hermann Julius OBERTH (1894-1990) the Hungarian born German astrophysicist, born in Transylvania at Sibiu, called the father of German rocketry. Abandoning a medical career for mathematics and astronomy, he published his first book 'By Rocket to Interplanetary Space' in 1923. In 1928 he was elected president of the German Society for Space Travel.
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