This surname of NORRED is a phonetic rendering of Norwich and is a locational name meaning 'one who came from NORWICH' in Norfolk, England. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that in 1004 'Sweyn came with his fleet to Norwich'. The translation of the second element 'wic' seems to be port, and the first element north, probably refers to its position north of Ipswich and Dunwich (which was also a port in medieval times). The name is also spelt NORWICH. The earliest record of the name appears to be NOROWIC (without surname) who was recorded in the year 930. Surnames can be divided into four categories; place names, occupation names, nicknames and patronymics. PLACE NAMES are the largest group and covers all those names first applied to people who lived in or nearby to a particular place. For example, Grove, Wood, Field, Meadow, and Street are obvious. Occasionally names were taken from obscure villages or hamlets which no longer exist and this can make research confusing. OCCUPATION NAMES cover nearly all trades which existed in the Middle Ages. These are numerous. It does not necessarily follow that such names as King, Duke, Earl and so on mean your ancestors were of noble blood. It is much more likely that such named people worked for the person referred to. NICKNAMES. This is a smaller group but in many ways more interesting. They usually originated as a by-name for someone by describing their appearance, personal disposition or character but which became handed down through the ages and did not apply to their descendants. For instance the name Black would denote a dark man, Little, someone small (or even somewhat ambiguously) someone tall. PATRONYMICS. This group covers all names which derive immediately from the owner's father. Many christian names which are also surnames have, over the years, lost the possessive form but the origin is still the same. Examples of this could be names such as Peter,Thomas, Henry - all names which became both christian and surnames over the years. Later instances include Goscelinus de NORWIC, who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086, and Richard de NORTHWYCO was recorded in 1296 in County Sussex.
The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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