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Nicholas Coat of Arms / Nicholas Family Crest

Nicholas Coat of Arms / Nicholas Family Crest

The surname of NICHOLAS was derived from the Latin Nicolaus - a name meaning 'victory-people'. The name was popular as both a surname and font name since early times, and was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records of the name mention Nicolaus (without surname) listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. Alicia Nicholman of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. William Nickless of Oxford registered at Oxford University in 1783. Robert, son of Thomas Nicholas was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1703. In Ireland it is the name of a gaelicized branch of the Norman de Burgos, sometimes corrupted to Clausson. The appearance of MacNicholas in the 1659 census, as a principal name in County Waterford, is due to its being mistaken for Fitznicholas. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The name was popular among Christians throughout Europe in the Middle Ages, largely as a result of the fame of a 4th century Lycian bishop, about whom a large number of legends grew up, and who was venerated in the Orthodox Church as well as the Catholic. East European forms of this name are spelt with the initial M, as Mikulas in Poland. The name was sometimes borne by women in the Middle Ages. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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