This surname NEWSOM was of the locational group of surnames 'of Newsome' a village near Huddersfield, or of Newsholme, a township in the parish of Gisburne, near Clitheroe in the West Riding of Yorkshire. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention Robert de Neusum, 1195, County Yorkshire. Robert de Newsom was recorded in Yorkshire, 1275. Willelmus de Newsome (dwelling at Newsholm) was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Willelmus de Newsome, 1379, ibid. Walter de Newsom was documented as being the Freeman of York during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. Later instances of the name include Robert Newsame was documented in County Yorkshire in the year 1598. Thomas Newsam of County Warwickshire, registered at Oxford University in 1618. John Newsum and Dorothy Summers, were married in London in the year of 1694. Samuel Hankinson and Margaret Newsom, were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1745. The name has many variant spellings which include Newsome, Newson Newsman, and Newsham. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour.
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