This German surname of NEUHAUS was a name which was applied to someone who lived in a new house. In the Middle Ages the majority of the population lived in cottages or huts rather than houses, and in most cases this name probably indicates someone who had some connection with the largest and most important building of the settlement, perhaps in a religious house or simply the local 'great house'. In some cases it may indicate a 'householder' someone who owned his own dwelling as opposed to being a tenant. The name has numerous variant spellings which include NEWHOUSE, NIEHAUSER, NIEHOOS, HAUSE, NIWHEUSER, HEISLER, NEUHUSELER and NUEHAUZER, to name but a few. Surnames which were derived from ancient Germanic personal names have the same meaning in many languages. The court of Charlemagne (Charles the Great, king of the Franks (742-814) was Christian and Latin speaking). The vernacular was the Frankish dialect of Old High German, and the personal names in use were Germanic and vernacular. These names were adopted in many parts of northwest Europe, particularly among the noble ruling classes. Hereditary surnames were found in Germany in the second half of the 12th century - a little later than in England and France. It was about the 16th century that they became stabilized. Because of the close relationship between the English and German languages, some Germans are able to transform their names to the English form just by dropping a single letter. Many Germans have re-spelt their names in America. A great number of immigrants from Germany settled in Pennsylvania. After the start of the first World War, Germans in great numbers Anglicized their names in an effort to remove all doubt as to their patriotism. Afterwards some changed back, and then during World War II the problem became acute once more, and the changing started all over again, although not with as much intensity. A minor notable of the name is Robert Milton NEWHOUSE, the American psychiatrist, born on the 17th November, 1907. His appointments include Training Consultant at the Los Angeles Psychiatric Service from 1958, and the Director of Long Beach El Cerrito Mental Health Centre from 1963. He was also Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at California College of Medicine.
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