Prior to the Norman Invasion of 1066 research denotes originally two names, NAN (Normandy) and CARROW (Geneva, Switzerland), which were joined by marriage, thus NANCARROW. Early settlers gave name to NANCARROW a small place in Cornwall in the parishes of St. Allen and St. Michael Penkivel, so called from the Cornish NANS (valley) and CARROW (deer, stag). There is an old rhyme known to Walter Scott.
'By Tre - Pol - Pen -
You may know most Cornishmen'
Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. Cornish naming practices are unfortunately poorly documented for the Middle Ages, but present day Cornish surnames, somewhat surprisingly, do not follow the predominantly patronymic pattern of the other Celtic languages, including Welsh. This may be attributed to the greater influence of the English bureaucracy and English naming practices in Cornwall than in Wales at the time when surnames came into use. The majority of Cornish names are habitation names and others are derived from medieval given names. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at Nancarrow, County Cornwall.
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