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Mulling Coat of Arms / Mulling Family Crest

There are three O'Maolian septs, one located in County Galway, one in the counties of Derry and Tyrone, and a third in County Cork. The maritime county of Cork, in Munster, is bounded by the sea on the south-west, the south and the south-east. To the east it has land boundaries with the counties of Waterford and Tipperary, and to the north with Limerick and to the west with Kerry. Anciently the country formed part of the kingdom of Desmond. After the Anglo-Norman Invasion the whole of the present county, save the City of Cork (which had been founded by the Vikings) and its surroundings, was granted in 1177 by Henry II to Anglo-Norman knights who brought over their followers and established a military colony. They all provide the ancestry of families called Mullin, Mullen and Mullins, Millen, Mulhane and Mulhane. The name was derived from the Gaelic O'Maolain, and the name is now widespread in all provinces, predominantly found in Ulster. Early records of the name mention Ralph de Molins, 1159 Ireland. When the sparse Irish population began to increase it became necessary to broaden the base of personal identification by moving from single names to a more definite nomenclature. The prefix MAC was given to the father's christian name, or O to that of a grandfather or even earlier ancestor. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. The name was also occasionally used as an occupational name from the Anglo-French 'moulin' meaning one who lived or worked by a mill. The mill, whether powered by water, wind or (occasionally) animals, was an important centre in every medieval settlement; it was normally operated by an agent of the local landowner, and individual peasants were compelled to come to him to have their corn ground into flour, a proportion of the ground corn being kept by the miller by way of payment.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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