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Moreton Coat of Arms / Moreton Family Crest

Moreton Coat of Arms / Moreton Family Crest

The surname of MORETON was a locational name 'of Moreton' the enclosure on the moor. A Lancashire and Cheshire surname. The name was probably brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name was derived from the Old English word MORTUN, and literally meant the dweller by the moor, from residence near the fens. Early records mention MORTONE (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name was documented as MORTUNE (without surname) in 1226. Eustace de Moreton, 1273 County Worcestershire. John de Moreton of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Moreton of Moreton, was recorded in the Wills at Chester in 1545, and Brian Moreton of Congleton, was documented in the same Wills in 1614. James Battey and Elizabeth Moreton were married at St. Jame's, Clerkenwell, London in 1613. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. The acquisition of surnames in Europe during the past eight hundred years has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure, naming practices in neighbouring cultures, and indigenous cultural tradition. On the whole, the richer and more powerful classes tended to acquire surnames earlier than the working classes and the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in more sparsely populated rural areas. These facts suggest that the origin of surnames is associated with the emergence of bureaucracies. As long as land tenure, military service, and fealty were matters of direct relationship between a lord and his vassals, the need did not arise for fixed distinguishing epithets to mark out one carl from another. But as societies became more complex, and as such matters as the management of tenure and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to have a more complex system of nomenclature to distinguish one individual from another reliably and unambiguously.


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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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