This is an English surname which is numerous in Antrim and adjacent counties. The name was an occupational name for a miller. The mill, whether powered by water, wind or (occasionally) animals, was an important centre in every medieval settlement; it was normally operated by an agent of the local landowner, and individual peasants were compelled to come to him to have their corn ground into flour, a proportion of the ground corn being kept by the miller by way of payment. The family of MILLOY were standard bearers to the sovereign of Ireland, descended from Niall, Monarch of Ireland AD 371. The name has numerous variant spellings which include MILLIAR, MILYEAR, MELLIAR and MELLER. Early records of the name mention Ralph Muller, 1296 County Sussex. Achard Molenddinarius (frequently spelt this way in the Hundred Rolls of 1273). John Millare, was documented in the year 1300 Yorkshire. John Millare was a juror on an inquest relating to fishing on the Tweed in 1467. Robert Millare held land in Irvine in 1509. George Miller of County Warwick, registered at Oxford University in the year 1572. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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