The surname of MILLAR was an occupational name 'the miller' one who ground corn, a baker of bread, the dweller by the mill. The mill, whether powered by water, wind or (occasionally) animals, was an important centre in every medieval settlement; it was normally operated by an agent of the local landowner, and individual peasants were compelled to come to him to have their corn ground into flour, a proportion of the ground corn being kept by the miller by way of payment. Medieval records disclose a tendency on the part of the millers to substitute grain of poor quality for the good grain they were given to grind. Thus, as a group they were not popular, although many were among the most wealthy of a village. This surname is found in the records of every county in England. The name was taken early to Scotland, although Millar is the more usual form of the name there. Early records of the name mention Ralph Muller who was recorded in the year 1296 in County Sussex and Achard Molenddinarius was recorded in the Hundred Rolls of 1273 (the name was frequently spelt this way). John Millare, was documented in the year 1300 Yorkshire. In Scotland John Millare was a juror on an inquest relating to fishing on the Tweed in 1467. Rober Millare held land in Irvine in 1509. George Miller of County Warwick, registered at Oxford University in the year 1572. A notable member of the name was John MILLAR (1735-1801) the Scottish jurist, born in Shotts, Lanarkshire. Educated at Hamilton Grammar School and Glasgow University, he was professor of law at Glasgow. His main works are the 'Origin of the Distinction of Ranks' (1771) and 'An Historical View of the English Government' (1787). Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker.
Arms registered in Scotland.
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