Michelthwayt Coat of Arms / Michelthwayt Family Crest
This surname was of the locational group of surnames meaning 'of Micklethwaite' part of the township of Bingley, County York; also of Micklethwaite, a village in the same parish. The earliest of the name on record appears to be MUCELTWAITE (without surname) who was listed in the Domesday Book of 1066. The name appears as MIKELTHWAIT (without surname) in the West Riding of Yorkshire in 1208. The names of habitation are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages, farmsteads or other named habitations. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and in fact whole countries. As a general rule, the further someone travelled from his place of origin, the broader the designation. Someone who stayed at home might be known by the name of his farm or locality in the parish; someone who moved to another town might be known by the name of his village; while someone who moved to another county could acquire the name of the county or region from which he originated.
Other records of the name mention Adam de Mekkelhawayth of Yorkshire, listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.
Paul Mucklethwait of Yorkshire, registered at Oxford University in the year 1615.
Joseph Micklethwait and Frances Johnson were married in Canterbury, Kent in the year 1690.
The name has many variant spellings which include Micklewait and Mickelthwaite.
Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
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