This Irish and Scottish surname of McGRORY was Angliziced from the Gaelic Mac RUAIDHRI, a baptismal name meaning 'the son of RUAIDHRI' (red king). The name is also spelt MacRORY, RORY, MacGROARY, MacGRORY and MacCRORIE. Members of this family belong to Tyrone and Derry. Sixteenth century sources such as the State Papers and Fiants, show that MacRORYS were referred to in Ireland as Irish Chiefs. Ireland is one of the earliest sources of the development of patronymic names in northern Europe. Irish Clan or bynames can be traced back to the 4th century B.C. and Mac (son of) and O (grandson or ancestor of) evolved from this base, the original literal meaning of which has been lost due to the absence of written records and linguistic ambivalences which subtly but inexorably became adopted through usage. Genealogists and lexographers accept that the patronymic base does not refer to a location, quite the contrary. The use of the prefix 'Bally' (town of) attaching to the base name, identifying the location. The base root was also adopted by people residing in the demographic area without a common ancestor. These groups called 'Septs' were specially prevalent in Ireland. The first Normans arrived in Ireland in the 12th and 13th centuries to form an alliance with the King of Leinster. Under Elizabeth I in the 16th century, settlers from England established themselves around Dublin, then under English control and Presbyterian Scots emigrated to Ulster, introducing English and Scottish roots. The name was taken to Scotland by settlers in the 16th century. Early records of the name in Scotland include John McCRORE, who was a tenant of Drumnamark, Ardmanoch in 1504, and John McCRORIE was bailie of Maybole in 1688. John McCRORY and John Oig McCRORY were tenants on Chisholm lands of Inverchanich. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker.
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