This name McCLURE was derived from the Gaelic M'ILLUIDHIR, meaning the son of Odhars servant. The name is found as MacClure in Ulster, taken by Scottish settlers where it is numerous in Galloway. Early records of the name mention Robert MacClure who was respited for murder in the year 1526. Thomas Maklure was a sergeant in Carrick in the year 1532. Andrew McKlure was reckoned a disorderly person in 1684. John McLurg issued a gazette from his coffee house in Edinburgh in the year 1682. Sir James M'Lurg was a wealthy Edinburgh merchant in the year 1686. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. A notable member of the name was Sir Robert John le Mesurier McClure (1807-1873) was the Irish Explorer, born in Wexford, Ireland. He entered the navy in 1824, and served in the Arctic expedition in 1836. As commander of a ship in another expedition, he penetrated eastwards to the north coast of Banks Island. He received a Parliamentary award for the discovery of the Northwest Passage, which is now credited to Sir John Franklin. After serving in Chinese waters, he died an Admiral. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
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