This surname MAYR is from the Gaelic MOR meaning 'big'. The name originates from Aberdeen, and is pronounced MORE. Other spellings of the name include MOER, MORE, MOORE, MAYR, MOYR and MOAR. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. Early records of the name include Robertus MORE who was one of the burgesses of Aberdeen in 1317. Reginald MORE witnessed a charter in 1341. John MORE was canon of Aberdeen in 1366. Simon MORE was charged with being a forestaller (one who buys up the whole stock of goods before they are brought to market) in Aberdeen in 1402. William MORE was tenant of Uthircloy Ardmanoch in 1504. MOIR of Stonywood was recorded in 1538. The use of fixed surnames or descriptive names appears to have commenced in France about the year 1000, and such names were introduced into Scotland through the Normans a little over one hundred years later, although the custom of using them was by no means common for many years afterwards. During the reign of Malcolm Ceannmor (1057-1093) the latter directed his chief subjects, after the custom of other nations, to adopt surnames from their territorial possessions, and there created 'The first erlis that euir was in Scotland'. In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, England in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84.
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