The surname of MAXEY was an Englih habitation name from a place in Northants, so called from a place that had low-lying land. Almost every city, town or village extant in the Middle Ages has served to name one or more families. While a man lived in a town or village he would not be known by its name, as that would be no means of identification - all in the village would be so named. But when a man left his birthplace or village where he had been known and went elsewhere, people would likely refer to him by the name of his former residence or by the name of the land which he owned. Some had the name of a manor or village because they were lords of that place and owned it, but the majority descend from vassals of freeman who once had lived there. A member of this family appears to have settled early in London, where occasional registrations in City Churches are found. John Slatur and Elizabeth Maxse were married at St. Antholin, London in the year 1575, and John, son of Ralph Maxee was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1658. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. A further instance of the name mentions Charles, son of Arabella Maxey (widow) who was baptised at St. Dionis, Backchurch, London in the year 1710. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Registered in 1614 in County Nottingham
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