The surname of MAUNDRELL is of Norman French origin, derived from the Norman de MAGNEVILLE, and rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form de MAGNAVILLA 'of the great town', a place in Normandy. The de MANDEVILLES, earls of Essex, were originally de MAGNEVILLE, and Gilbert MANDEWEL was a juror on an inquest held at Traqueyr in 1274. John de MUNDEVILLE of Wigtownshire, was recorded in 1296. Sir Henry de MUNDEVILLE was a juror on an inquest on the lands of Lady la Zuche in the same year. The first people in Scotland to acquire fixed surnames were the nobles and great landowners, who called themselves, or were called by others, after the lands they possessed. Surnames originating in this way are known as territorial. Formerly lords of baronies and regalities and farmers were inclined to magnify their importance and to sign letters and documents with the names of their baronies and farms instead of their Christian names and surnames. The abuse of this style of speech and writing was carried so far that an Act was passed in the Scots parliament in 1672 forbidding the practice and declaring that it was allowed only to noblemen and bishops to subscribe by their titles. Later instances of the name include Henry de MUNDEVILLE, who made a gift of three acres of his territory of Glengelt to the Abbey of Drybugh, and in 1297 was invited by Edward I to go on an expedition to Flanders. Henry MUNDWELL was burgess of Wigtown in 1498, and Robert MUNDELL was a tenant in the barony of Mousewell in 1673. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries.
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