This surname of MASLOW is a Russian and East Ashkenazic Jewish surname from the Russian word MASLO (butter). The name was presumably used as an occupational name for a dairyman. Other spellings include MASLOV, MASLOVITZ, MASLO MASLOVATY and MASLOWSKY. This family is descended from Antsyfor MASLOV who departed from Lithuania to serve the Great Prince Vasilii Ivanovich. The Great Prince granted him hereditary estates in 1519. The descendants of this man served the Russian Throne as Stolniks and in other distinguished positions and were granted fiefdoms. (A Stolnik was a courtier who waited upon the ruler and had charge of proceedings during the meals, especially during state banquets. The word is connected with the Russian word STOL (table). In addition, persons of this rank participated in the reception of Ambassadors, held certain duties during the ruler's journey, and had responsibilities within the living quarters of the Grand Prince. As their numbers grew, they were appointed to positions assisting in various cities. They ranked below the Clerks of the Duma (council). The term was used from the 13th through the 17th century). Many others of this family served the Throne as Vice-Regents. In 1730 the family were received into the Society of the Knights of Livonia and Estlandia. Russian surnames are almost exclusively patronymic (occasionally metronymic) in form, usually ending in 'ov' or 'ev'. Habitation and topographic names are rare, and many common Russian surnames are polygenetic, and their literal meaning is clear, even though the reason for their adoption may not be. Heraldry appeared later in Russia than in most other Western European countries. It is generally agreed that it was copied from the west sometime in the late 17th century, and quickly achieved state significance. In 1722 Emperor Peter I (The Great) established an official Heraldry Office headed by a Master of Heraldry under the jurisdiction of the Senate, and granted 355 armorial bearings in the 18th century. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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