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Maskill Coat of Arms / Maskill Family Crest

Maskill Coat of Arms / Maskill Family Crest

This surname of MASKILL was derived from the Old French word 'mareschal' an occupational name, one who tends horses, a shoe-smith and farrier. The smith was one of the most important men in medieval Europe. He served both the lord and the peasants. It was his duty to shoe the lord's horses, mend and sharpen his plows and make all the metal objects that were required. For these duties he would receive certain honours such as charcoal and wood from the lord's forest and the right to have his land ploughed by the lord's plows. He also did work for the serfs in the manor, from whom he would receive payment. Henry II of England in 1181, ordered every holder of land worth Z10 a year, to provide himself with a coat of mail, a helmet, a shield and a lance, and many smiths were required to make these articles. The name was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Other spellings of the name include MARSHALL, MARSCHALL, MARSKELL, MASCALL and MASKELL. Early records of the name mention Roger Mascherell who was documented in the year 1130 in London. Johannes Mareschall of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.

The name is not identified with any particular area, although it is numerous now in Ulster. The name was also taken early to Scotland, and Maledoni Marescal who was witness to a gift of the lands of Partic, to the church of Glasgow in 1136, appears to be the first of the name on record there. About 1170, Symon Marescall witnessed a charter by Willian the Lion. Adam Marescallus, the bishop of Glasgow was witness to a sale of the lands of Scrogges to the church of Glasgow.

A later instance of the name include Christopher Marshall and Elizabeth Byrde who were married in London in 1572.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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