The surname of MARTLAND was a locational name 'the dweller at the marshland' from residence nearby. The name is familiar to the north of England. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Almost every city, town or village existing in the Middle Ages has served to name one or more families. Where a man lived was his means of identification. When a man left his birthplace or village where he had been known, and went elsewhere, people would likely refer to him by the name of his former residence or birthplace, or by the name of the land which he owned. The name was derived from the Old English word MEARCLANU. The Normans had three kinds of names from different sources. First were names their Viking ancestors brought from Norway to France (8th Century).That's why they were Normans (Northmen). Second were names they found in France.The Franks (French) had come from Franconia in Germany and had crossed the Rhine to occupy the Roman Province of Gaul (5th Century) and called it France. They mixed Latin and German to create French,translating old Germanic names into it,ignoring existing Latin and Celtic (pre-Roman) names. The Viking Normans who also ditched their own language (except for the names) adopted French names as well. The third kind of Norman names were religious. They became Christians and the most religious of them used Saints names. The Normans between 1066 and 1170 conquered England,southern Scotland,Wales,Ireland,Sicily and southern Italy.They were followed everywhere by other French families and some Bretons (the pre-Roman Celts left in north-west France).To this day their names are found in Royalty, Politics and Big Business in these countries and in Australia,Canada,New Zealand,South Africa and the United States which their descendants colonised. Early records of the name mention MARSLANDE (without surname) who was documented in the year 1185 in County Essex. Ricardus Mersland, listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Joshua Kelly and Patience Marsland were married at St. Michael, Cornhill, London in the year 1742.
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