The surname of MARSHALL was derived from the Old French word 'mareschal' an occupational name, one who tends horses, a shoe-smith and farrier. The name was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records of the name mention Roger Mascherell, 1130 London. Johannes Mareschall of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Christopher Marshall and Elizabeth Byrde were married in London in 1572. George Catlett Marshall (1880-1959) was the U.S. General and Stateman. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for peace in 1953. This Norman name was found in Ireland in considerable numbers from early medieval times to the present day. It is not identified with any particular area, although it is numerous now in Ulster. The name was also taken early to Scotland, and Maledoni Marescal who was witness to a gift of the lands of Partic, to the church of Glasgow in 1136, appears to be the first of the name on record there. About 1170, Symon Marescall witnessed a charter by Willian the Lion. Adam Marescallus, the bishop of Glasgow was witness to a sale of the lands of Scrogges to the church of Glasgow in 1208. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at Hillcairney, County Fife. Granted in 1792.
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