This surname of MARSCHALL was derived from the Old French word 'mareschal' an occupational name, one who tends horses, a shoe-smith and farrier. The name was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records of the name mention Roger Mascherell who was documented in the year 1130 in London. Johannes Mareschall of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Christopher Marshall and Elizabeth Byrde were married in London in 1572. George Catlett Marshall (1880-1959) was the U.S. General and Stateman. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for peace in 1953. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. This Norman name was found in Ireland in considerable numbers from early mediaeval times to the present day. It is not identified with any particular area, although it is numerous now in Ulster. The name was also taken early to Scotland, and Maledoni Marescal who was witness to a gift of the lands of Partic, to the church of Glasgow in 1136, appears to be the first of the name on record there. About 1170, Symon Marescall witnessed a charter by Willian the Lion. Adam Marescallus, the bishop of Glasgow was witness to a sale of the lands of Scrogges to the church of Glasgow in 1208. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory.
Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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