This French surname of MARROQUIN is of four-fold origin. It was a French topographic name for someone who lived near a boundary, derived from the Old French word MARQUE. It was also a nickname for someone with a noticeable birthmark, or who had suffered the disfigurement of branding, which was relatively common as a medieval punishment. It was also an occupational name for a coiner, from the Old French word MARC, a coin of high value and lastly the name was baptismal 'the son of Mark or Marcus'. It was originally from the Latin Marcus, the personal name of St Mark the Evangelist, author of the second Gospel. The name was borne also by a number of other early Christian saints. MARCUS was an old Roman name of uncertain etymology; it may have some connection with the war God Mars. The given name was not as popular in England in the Middle Ages as it was on the Continent, especially in Italy, where the evangelist became the patron of Venice and the Venetian Republic, and was allegedly buried at Aquileia. The name is also spelt MARROQUI, MARQUE, LARMARQUE and LAMARCA. French, or rather Norman French, was the language of the aristocracy and the upper classes in England at the time fixed surnames were being developed, it is therefore not surprising that many of our well-known family names are derived from French words. Originally only Christian or personal names were used, and although a few came into being during the 10th century, surnames were not widely used until much later, when people began to realize the prestige of having a second name. As early as the year 1100, it was quite common for English people to give French names to their children, and the earliest instances are found among the upper classes, both the clergy and the patrician families. The Norman-French names used were generally the names most commonly used by the Normans, who had introduced them into England during the Norman Invasion of William the Conqueror in 1066.
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