The surname of MARNEY was a locational name 'of Marigni' a spot in France. The name was probably brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name was taken to Ireland by early settlers, and it is also found in Scotland where it is familiar to the Angus area. There are various spellings of this name which include Marner, Mariner, de Marney and Marnay. Early records of the name mention Robert de Mareigni, 1168 County Essex. William de Marenni appears in the year 1284 in County Essex. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066. It is often assumed that men 'adopted' their surnames. Some certainly did, but the individual himself had no need for a label to distinguish him from his fellows. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each knight owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized. Monasteries drew up surveys and extents with details of tenants of all classes in their services. Any description which identified the man was satisfactory, his father's name, the name of his land, or a nickname known to be his. The upper classes mostly illiterate, were those with whom the officials were chiefly concerned and among them surnames first became numerous and hereditary. Later instances of the name include Elinor, daughter of James Mariner, who was baptised at St. Dionis, Backchurch, London in the year 1689, and John Waller wed Mary Marner at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1795.
The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered to Sir Henry Marney, Knight, Privy Councillor to Henry VII and VIII.
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