This surname of MARLAND was a local name 'of MARLAND' an estate in the township of Castleton and parish of Rochdale. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. 'Marland or Mereland' (from its water) in this township, Castleton is of high antiquity. Alan de MERLAND, Adam de MERLAND and Andrew de MERLAND were living in the thirteenth century ... A branch of the family of MARLAND continued to reside and hold lands at Marland from the earliest period until the latter part of the seventeenth century - James MARLAND of Marland (gentleman) being buried within Trinity Chapel in Rochdale Church in l675. Before the 1066 Conquest names were rare in England, the few examples found were mainly adopted by those of the clergy or one who had taken holy orders. In 1086 the conquering Duke William of Normandy commanded the Domesday Book. He wanted to know what he had and who held it, and the Book describes Old English society under its new management in minute detail. It was then that surnames began to be taken for the purposes of tax-assessment. The nobles and the upper classes were first to realise the prestige of a second name, but it was not until the 15th century that most people had acquired a second name. A later instance of the name includes James MARELAND and Sarah Sanson who were married at St.Peter, Cornhill, London in the year l699. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in l884.
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