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Marl Coat of Arms / Marl Family Crest

This surname of MARL is an English topographic name for someone who lived on a patch of clay soil, Middle English 'marl' (Old French marle), an occupational name, a quarrier. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, England in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Early records of the name mention Hugo le Merlere, l275, County Surrey. Thomas le Marlere, l277, County Norfolk. Willelmus Merlier of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of l379. The name is also spelt MARLE, MARLER and MERLE

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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