The surname of MARGUERITE was a baptismal name 'the son of Marguerite' a French female personal name, which was originally rendered in the Latin form MARGARITA, meaning 'pearl'. This name was borne by several early Christian saints, and became a popular female given name throughout Europe. The usual form was Margerie, and the name was brought into England during the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. The bulk of European surnames in countries such as England and France were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did.The acquisition of surnames in Europe during the past eight hundred years has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure, naming practices in neighbouring cultures, and indigenous cultural tradition. On the whole, the richer and more powerful classes tended to acquire surnames earlier than the working classes and the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in more sparsely populated rural areas. These facts suggest that the origin of surnames is associated with the emergence of bureaucracies. As long as land tenure, military service, and fealty were matters of direct relationship between a lord and his vassals, the need did not arise for fixed distinguishing epithets to mark out one carl from another. But as societies became more complex, and as such matters as the management of tenure and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to have a more complex system of nomenclature to distinguish one individual from another reliably and unambiguously. Early records of the name mention Willelmus Mchet, listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Francis Pickering married Mary Matchett, St.Jame's, Clerkenwell, London in 1670. Richard Saunders married Mary Matchet, St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1736.
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