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Marcucci Coat of Arms / Marcucci Family Crest

Marcucci Coat of Arms / Marcucci Family Crest

This Italian surname of MARCUCCI was originally from the Latin Marcus, the personal name of St Mark the Evangelist, author of the second Gospel. The name was borne also by a number of other early Christian saints. The name has numerous variant spellings which include MARCUSE, MARQUETTE, MARQUE, MARCUS, MARCHELLI, MARCUS, MARCHETTO, MARCHINI, MERKEL and MARCHENKO, to name but a few. MARCUS was an old Roman name of uncertain etymology; it may have some connection with the war God Mars. The given name was not as popular in England in the Middle Ages as it was on the Continent, especially in Italy, where the evangelist became the patron of Venice and the Venetian Republic, and was allegedly buried at Aquileia. Despite evidence that hereditary surnames were in use in the Venetian Republic as early as the 10th Century, the origin of many Italian surnames is unclear. There is still a great potential for research into medieval Italian records while documented evidence indicates the adoption of the father's name as a surname is the most common form. The familiar endings of "i" and "o", meaning to be a member of a certain family, bears this out. The Church played a very important role in Central Italian heraldry and many Italian families who derived their titles from popes incorporated elements of the papal insignia, notably the papal tiara and the crossed keys, on their Coats of Arms. As in the rest of Europe, the turbulent history of Italy in the Middle Ages is reflected in its heraldry. Traces remain from the successive invasions of the Germans, French, Spanish and Austrians. Certain characteristics, such as the use of horse-shaped shields which were put on the foreheads of horses during tournaments, remain uniquely Italian. Social conditions in Southern Italy during the agricultural depression of the late 19th Century spurred the first wave of emigration as thousands of people escaped to the New World. Latin America was the original destination for these early settlers but as the economy strengthened in the United States, North America became more popular. A notable member of the name was Herbert MARCUSE (1898-1979) the German political philosopher, in the United States since 1934; his theories combining Marxism and Freudianism influenced radical thought in the 1960's. His books include 'One-Dimensional Man' (1964).


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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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