This surname MARBLE was a locational name 'of Marbury' a parish in County Chester, three miles from Whitchurch. A locational name usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The original bearer would take his name from the village, town or the area where he dwelt. This name would identify his whole family, and would follow them wherever they moved This name was also of the occupational group of surnames and at Westminster in 1385 Thomas Canon (marbrer) was paid Z30. 6s and 8d for making stone images in the likeness of kings, to stand in the Great Hall. Marble was also used for paving in churches and temples. In 1312 Adam le Marbrer undertook to pave part of St Paul's with squares of marble.
Occupational surnames originally denoted the actual occupation followed by the individual. At what period they became hereditary is a difficult problem. Many of the occupation names were descriptive and could be varied. In the Middle Ages, at least among the Christian population, people did not usually pursue specialized occupations exclusively to the extent that we do today, and they would, in fact, turn their hand to any form of work that needed to be done, particularly in a large house or mansion, or on farms and smallholdings. In early documents, surnames often refer to the actual holder of an office, whether the church or state. Following the Crusades in Europe a need was felt for a family name. This was recognized by those of noble blood, who realised the prestige and practical advantage that it would add to their status. Early records of the name mention Edward Marbuyr who was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379, and Thomas Marburye, appears in County Lancashire in 1400. John Marbery and Alice Marbery were married in London in 1545. William Marburie of County Cheshire, registered at Oxford University in the year 1610. Rebecca the daughter of Lewes Marbury was baptised at St. Thomas the Apostle, London in 1627.
The arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General
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