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Manton Coat of Arms / Manton Family Crest

Manton Coat of Arms / Manton Family Crest

The surname of MANTON was a locational name 'of Manton', parishes in the diocese of Lincoln and Peterborough. There is also a place of the name in Northumberland from where the original bearer may have derived his name. The name was originally rendered in the Old English form MEALMTUN, literally meaning the dweller near the chalky or sandy earth. MENNETUNE (without surname) who was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086, appears to be the first of the name on record, and MANATONA (without surname) was recorded in Northumberland in 1202. Before the 1066 Conquest names were rare in England, the few examples found were mainly adopted by those of the clergy or one who had taken holy orders. In 1086 the conquering Duke William of Normandy commanded the Domesday Book. He wanted to know what he had and who held it, and the Book describes Old English society under its new management in minute detail. It was then that surnames began to be taken for the purposes of tax-assessment. The nobles and the upper classes were first to realise the prestige of a second name, but it was not until the 15th century that most people had acquired a second name. Other records of the name mention William Manton of the County of Cambridgeshire in 1273. Willelmus Manton (smyth), was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Most of the place-names that yield surnames are usually of small communities, villages, hamlets, some so insignificant that they are now lost to the map. A place-name, it is reasonable to suppose, was a useful surname only when a man moved from his place of origin to elsewhere, and his new neighbours bestowed it, or he himself adopted it. Later instances mention James Manton and Amey Thorleby who were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1603. Richard Cutts and Dorothy Manton in 1617, ibid. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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