The surname of MANNIX was derived from the Gaelic O'Mainchin (manach, meaning a monk). They were a sept of the Corca Laoidhe, usually anglicized MANNIX, whose homeland was on the shores of Ross Bay in south-west Cork. The name is sometimes used for MINOGUE in East Clare. Other spellings of the name include MANNIX, McNEICE, McNEESE, McNESS, McNISSE, MANNISH and McCREESH. The maritime county of Cork, in Munster, is bounded by the sea on the south-west, the south and the south-east. To the east it has land boundaries with the counties of Waterford and Tipperary, and to the north with Limerick and to the west with Kerry. Anciently the country formed part of the kingdom of Desmond. After the Anglo-Norman Invasion the whole of the present county, save the City of Cork (which had been founded by the Vikings) and its surroundings, was granted in 1177 by Henry II to Anglo-Norman knights who brought over their followers and established a military colony. When the sparse Irish population began to increase it became necessary to broaden the base of personal identification by moving from single names to a more definite nomenclature. The prefix MAC was given to the father's christian name, or O to that of a grandfather or even earlier ancestor. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. A notable person of the name was Daniel MANNIX (1864-1963) the Irish-born Australian Catholic cleric, born in Deerpark, Rathluirc, County Cork. He was ordained at Maynooth in 1903. He went to Australia in 1913 as coadjutor in Melbourne, succeeding as Archbishop in 1917. He immediately embroiled himself in controversy, opposing conscription and attacking the government for lack of aid to church schools. Censured privately for his outspokenness by the Vatican he still exhorted his clergy to obey Rome without question.
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