The surname of MANNION was originally derived from the Old English word 'MANNINGI', a nickname for a brave and valiant man. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans.The name was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records of the name mention Mannicus (without surname) listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. Ainulf Manning was recorded in County Essex in 1190. Algarus Manning est Upsune, 1130, County Northumberland. Semen filius Manning was documented in the year 1181 in County Essex. Henry Maninge, 1273, County Cambridge. Richard Mannyng was recorded in County Somerset, during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) Johannes Manning of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Thomas Renshaw and Jane Mannin were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1757. The Mannin families in Ireland, and some who have anglicized their name as Manning, trace their descent from the O'Mainnin sept whose territory was in Tiaquin barony, County Galway, with a stronghold at Clogher. Ireland was one of the earliest countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames. They came into being fairly generally in the 11th century, and indeed a few were formed before the year 1000. In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, Surroy and Norroy in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84.
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