This surname of MANNIE was brought into Scotland by early setters. During the 17th century surnames were brought to Scotland, Britain and North America by French Huguenot exiles. The Huguenots were French Protestants, and in 1572 large numbers of them were massacred in Paris on the orders of Queen Catherine de'Medici. Many of the survivors sought refuge in Scotland and elsewhere. Although the Edict of Nantes (1598) officially guaranteed religious toleration, persecution continued, and the Edict was revoked by Louis XIV in 1685. It was then the trickle of emigration became a flood. Many migrated to Scotland and England, while others joined groups of Dutch Protestants settling around the Cape of Good Hope. Others sailed across the Atlantic to establish themselves in North America. Other spellings of the name include MANNY, MANY, MANNEY and MANEY. The earliest of the name on record in Scotland appears to be William MANNY to whom the mill of Cowpar Grange was leased to in 1447. John MANY had a lease of a croft called Croft Ellone in 1549, and Andro MANY a lease of the toun of Auld Rayne in the same year. Robert MANNIE was a witness in Brechin in the year 1589 and several persons named MANI are recorded in the Barony of Skene in 1627. James MENY was a tailor in Edinburgh in 1672. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries. The arms depicted here are the arms of MANNY
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