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Manney Coat of Arms / Manney Family Crest

The surname of MANNEY was of German and English origin. It was a nickname for a fierce or strong man, or for a man contrasted with a boy. In some cases the name may have arisen as an occupational name for a servant, from the medieval use of the term to describe a person of inferior status. It is also from a Germanic personal name, found in Old English as MANNA. The name was adopted by Ashkenazic Jews, of uncertain origin, possibly from the Hebrew and Yiddish MANN 'faith in God'. Many of the modern family names throughout Europe reflect the profession or occupation of their forbears in the Middle Ages and derive from the position held by their ancestors in the village, noble household or religious community in which they lived and worked. The addition of their profession to their birth name made it easier to identify individual tradesmen and craftsmen. As generations passed and families moved around, so the original identifying names developed into the corrupted but simpler versions that we recognise today. The name has numerous variant spellings which include MAN, MANSKY, MANSKI, MONSKY, MANNON, MANNI, MANNEL, MANNONE and MANIS, to name but a few. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries. Sir Walter de MANNY (died. 1372) was the English knight, born in Hainault. He followed Philippa of Hainault to England in 1327 for her marriage to Edward III, and fought for Edward III by land and sea against the Scots, Flemings and French. He was knighted and made Lord de MANNY, received large grants of land, and founded the Charterhouse monastery in London in 1371.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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